Cape Town FCA2 Refresher: DAS 2015 Guidelines

Here’s the excellent simulation/re-enactment video from Simpact on the Elaine Bromiley Case that I featured in the lecture.

You can download my accompanying lecture notes on the DAS 2015 guidelines here:

FCA2 Refresher 2016 Notes – Hofmeyr – Difficult Airway Society 2015 Guidelines

Frerk et al’s article on the 2015 guidelines is available from the BJA here (open access), and the excellent recent editorial on front-of-neck access by Timmerman, Chrimes and Hagberg is here.  This is not in the notes, as it has only just been published online.

The links to the different algorithms are on the Algorithms page, or you can browse the DAS website.

The surgical airway technique video that woudn’t play is below.

Video: Surgical cricothyroidotomy (DAS 2015)

Quick overview of the surgical cricothyroidotomy technique as presented in the 2015 Difficult Airway Society guidelines.  This is simply presenting the technique in a manikin model, not intended as a debate about the relative merits of needle vs. surgical, blade vs. hook, scalpel-finger-bougie vs. scalpel-bougie-tube, etc!

Don’t forget to wear your PPE (gloves, mask, eye protection) and appropriately secure the tube afterwards.

As always, constructive criticism and suggestions for improvement are always welcomed in the comments section.

Video: Aintree intubation technique

Technique for using the Aintree Intubating Catheter (AIC) to exchange between a supraglottic airway (SGA) and endotracheal tube (ETT).  This is typically required when an airway has been ‘rescued’ with an SGA that is not designed for direct intubation, with a narrow internal diameter or obstructions.  The Aintree has a length of 55cm, internal diameter of 4.8 mm (not 4.2 as stated in the video) and external diameter of 6.0 mm, allowing a paediatric fibrescope or flexible intubating vide endoscope (preferably 4 mm or less) to be passed through the AIC, into the trachea, and then an ETT railroaded after removal of the SGA over the AIC.  If that sounds confusing, watch the video!

Tips/tricks/advice/critique?  Leave a comment!

The Difficult Airway Society (DAS) have a nice poster guide to help you remember how to do this – click the image below to open/download. (Open access).

DAS AIC Guideline - Click image to download PDF directly.
DAS AIC Guideline – Click image to download PDF directly.

AIC_abbreviated_Guide_Final_for_DAS

Video: Flexible endoscopic intubation through SGAs

A description of the technique for intubating through a supraglottic airway that offers a sufficiently large internal bore to allow an appropriate-sized endotracheal tube using an adult fibreoptic or flexible video endoscope.  Take note of the method of providing ventilation during the endoscopy!

As usual, this is an unscripted video, and constructive critique is welcomed to help us improve the educational offering.

Video: Overview of intubating through SGAs

Yip, another whirlwid tour, this time of the situations and considerations that may lead to intubating through a supraglottic airway.  Each method will be expanded upon in later videos.

These videos are made off-the-cuff and can certainly be improved, so if you have suggestions, please put them in the comments!

Video: Using supraglottic airways

A whirlwind tour through selection, indications, precautions, sizing and troubleshooting.  For an overview of the types and classifications, see this post.

These videos are all unscripted, so if you have suggestions for improvement, please leave a comment below!

VIdeo: Supraglottic airway overview

A brief (7 min) overview of the some of the types, classification and classes of SGAs, as part of some preparatory material for SMACCdub Airway Workshop participants.

For the next video on using SGAs, see this post.

These videos are all unscripted, so if you have suggestions for improvement, please leave a comment below!

Open access meducation for all aspects of airway management